Author: Adán Omar Arellanes Bernabe
An opportunity to exploit specific mechanisms of the acousto-optic nonlinearity to regulate performances of the collinear acousto-optical filter, realizing the sequential spectrum analysis of optical signals, is considered. This possibility is theoretically analyzed and experimentally confirmed with an advanced filter based on calcium molybdate (CaMoO4) single-crystal with a 15-μs time-aperture. It is able to operate over red and near-infrared light at relatively low radio-wave frequencies providing almost lossless regime for controlling acoustic waves of the finite amplitude. Under certain conditions, the transmission function of electronically tunable filter exhibits a marked dependence on the applied acoustic power density, and as a result, one can significantly squeeze the transmission function, i.e., improve the spectral resolution of this filter at the cost of decreasing the efficiency of the device partially. The identified and observed non-linear effect makes possible varying the performance data of similar advanced collinear acousto-optical filter governed by external signals of the finite amplitude. © 2013 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) [DOI: 10.1117/1.OE.52.6.064001]
Collinear acousto-optical interaction Optical filter Acousto-optical nonlinearity Transmission function Spectral resolution Waves of the finite amplitude CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA
New physical aspects of collinear acousto-optical interaction, occurred by acoustic waves of finite amplitude, are revealed and analyzed in crystalline materials exhibiting moderate linear acoustic losses. The analysis is performed in the regime of continuous traveling waves allowing a specific mechanism of the acousto-optic nonlinearity. Our consideration has shown that such nonlinearity together with linear acoustic losses is able to affect the transmission function inherent in collinear interaction. In particular, the mere presence of linear acoustic losses by themselves leads to broadening the width of the transmission function beginning already from very low levels of the applied acoustic power. Moreover, the transmission function exhibits a marked and quasi-periodical dependence on the applied acoustic power density, and that periodicity is governed by the linear acoustic losses. As a result, the transmission function can be significantly narrowed near isolated points at the cost of decreasing the interaction efficiency. These novelties related to collinear acousto-optical interaction accompanied by moderate linear acoustic losses have been studied and confirmed experimentally with an advanced acousto-optical cell based on calcium molybdate (CaMoO4) single crystal and controlled by acoustic waves of finite amplitude. © 2013 Optical Society of America
Optical spectrometer of the Guillermo Haro astrophysical observatory (Mexico) realizes investigations in the visible and near-infrared range 350 - 800 nm and exploits mechanically removable traditional static diffraction gratings as dispersive elements. There is a set of the static gratings with slit-densities 150 - 600 lines/mm and optical apertures 9 cm × 9 cm that provide the first order spectral resolution from 0.8 to 3.2 Å/pixel, respectively. However, the needed mechanical manipulations, namely, replacing the static diffraction gratings with various resolutions and following recalibration of spectrometer within studying even the same object are practically inconvenient and lead to wasting rather expensive observation time. We suggest exploiting an acousto-optical cell, i.e. the dynamic diffraction grating tunable electronically, as dispersive element in that spectrometer. Involving the acousto-optical technique, which can potentially provide electronic control over the spectral resolution and the range of observations, leads to eliminating the above-mentioned demerits and improving the efficiency of analysis
An advanced conceptual design of a high-bit-rate triple product acousto-optical processor is presented that can be applied in a number of astrophysical problems. We briefly describe the Large Millimeter Telescope as one of the potential observational infrastructures where the acousto-optical spectrometer can be successfully used. A summary on the study of molecular gas in relatively old (age > 10 Myr) disks around main sequence stars is provided. We have identified this as one of the science cases in which the proposed processor can have a big impact. Then we put forward triple product acousto-optical processor is able to realize algorithm of the space-and-time integrating, which is desirable for a wideband spectrum analysis of radio-wave signals with an improved resolution providing the resolution power of about 105 - 106 . It includes 1D-acousto-optic cells as the input devices for a 2D-optical data processing. The importance of this algorithm is based on exploiting the chirp Z-transform technique providing a 2D-Fourier transform of the input signals. The system produces the folded spectrum, accumulating advantages of both space and time integrating. Its frequency bandwidth is practically equal to the bandwidth of transducers inherent in acousto-optical cells. Then, similar processor is able to provide really high frequency resolution, which is practically equal to the reciprocal of the CCD-matrix photo-detector integration time. Here, the current state of developing the triple product acousto-optical processor in frames of the astrophysical instrumentation is shortly discussed.
Astrophysical Instrumentation Radio-Astronomy Millimeter-Wave Spectrometer Space-and-Time Integrating Acousto-Optical Devices Optical Processing System CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ÓPTICA ÓPTICA