Author: GENCEL OSMAN
This chapter is divided into three sections, in the first one the modifications of waste materials by using gamma radiation are described; such materials are PET bottles, Tetra Pak packages and rubber tires. The second section describes the effects of these waste materials on the mechanical properties of concrete; and in the last section those effects provoked by gamma radiation in concrete containing these waste materials.
El artículo presenta el estudio de los efectos de la ceniza volcánica en las propiedades mecánicas y térmicas de blocks de concreto ligero.
Simulation of material properties generally involves the development of a mathematical model derived from experimental data. In structural mechanics and construction materials contexts, recent experiments have reported that fuzzy logic (FL), artificial neural networks (ANNs), genetic algorithm (GA), and fuzzy genetic (FG) may offer a promising alternative. They are known as artificial intelligence (AI). In civil engineering, AI methods have been extensively used in the fields of civil engineering applications such as construction management, building materials, hydraulic, optimization, geotechnical and transportation engineering. Many studies have examined the applicability of AI methods to estimate concrete properties. This chapter described the principles of FL methods that can be taught to engineering students through MATLAB graphical user interface carried out in a postgraduate course on Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Engineering, discussed the application of Mamdani type in concrete technology and highlighted key studies related to the usability of FL in concrete technology.