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Agri-food tourism and territorial appropriation. The case of wine tourism in central Mexico

HUMBERTO THOME ORTIZ (2016)

The rise of wine tourism in Queretaro is part of a larger process of economic and social restructuring of rural areas in central Mexico. In addition to the regulation and provisioning services that rural areas provide to society, it highlights the importance of cultural services such as tourism that are highly appreciated by the inhabitants of large cities. This opens the way to a new distribution of the territory where the natural, cultural and symbolic capital are appropriated in many different ways. Multifunctionality of territory and pluriactivity of actors reveal the growing complexity of disputes over local resources.

The State of Queretaro in central Mexico is a major producer of cheese and wine, whose production is associated with the legacy of Spanish colonization. It is an agro-industrial complex and tourism destination, located an hour and a half from Mexico City, the fourth largest megacity in the world. Taking advantage of the location, wineries and the local Ministry of Tourism developed the Wine and Cheese Route, which because of its originality is shown as an effective tool for local marketing. Wineries that make up the route are heterogeneous, ranging from multinational companies to small sized family businesses. All wineries contribute to the creation of a bucolic imaginary about the territory, which attracts thousands of visitors. The main beneficiaries of tourism are the largest producers of wine, which are better able to offer leisure services.

Book part

mexican wines social imaginary ownership of the territoty urban consumer CIENCIAS SOCIALES

Variabilidad genética y caracterización de variedades de caña de azúcar (Saccharum spp)

HECTOR EMMANUEL SENTIES HERRERA (2013)

Tesis (Maestría en Ciencias, especialista en Genética).- Colegio de Postgraduados, 2013.

El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivos describir el estado del arte del sistema de producción de la caña de azúcar en México y llevar a cabo un análisis de la variabilidad genética con que se cuenta en variedades comerciales que se producen en el país. Se encontró que el sistema de producción de caña de azúcar presenta un alto contraste en cuanto a las condiciones socioeconómicas, agronómicas y ambientales. Predomina el minifundismo, la baja escolaridad de los productores y la escasa y obsoleta tecnología utilizada tanto en campo como en fábrica. Las condiciones agronómicas pueden considerarse adecuadas, con cerca de 500 mil ha con alto potencial y otras 4.5 millones de ha con potencial medio para el desarrollo de este cultivo. El cambio climático y la apertura del mercado a edulcorantes alternativos representan serios retos para esta agroindustria. Además de la necesidad de elevar la productividad tanto en campo como en fábrica, el crédito y la tecnología de riego son factores determinantes para la lograr la competitividad de esta actividad. El sistema organizacional es muy completo pero a la vez complejo y complicado, con una reglamentación que dificulta el progreso hacia niveles de alta eficiencia. El sistema de producción ha tenido un desarrollo irregular en los últimos treinta años, con incrementos poco significativos en rendimientos de campo y fábrica, y una notable reducción en el número de ingenios. De igual manera, la base genética y el número de variedades comerciales se ha reducido significativamente, lo que hace necesaria la búsqueda de nuevas variedades con potencial para su uso como progenitores en los programas de mejoramiento genético. Del análisis filogenético realizado en este estudio se encontró un grupo polifilético, lo que indica que los híbridos tienen como ancestros a especies del género Saccharum y al género Miscanthus. Se identificó un grupo central perfectamente definido, el cual contiene tres híbridos comerciales: CP 72-2086, ITV 92-1424 y CP 44-10, todos los cuales tienen su origen en Canal Point, Florida, junto con una especie emparentada con el género Miscanthus, lo cual aporta mayor variabilidad genética. _______________ GENETIC VARIABILITY AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SUGARCANE (Saccharum spp.) VARIETIES. ABSTRACT: This study aimed to describe the state of the art of the sugarcane production system in Mexico and to carry out an analysis of the genetic variability found in sugarcane varieties grown in the country. It was found that the sugarcane production system in Mexico shows high contrasts regarding socioeconomic, agronomic and environmental conditions. Smallholders, low education levels of growers as well as inefficient and obsolete technology that characterize both field and mill systems. Agronomic conditions are considered as adequate, with nearly 500 thousand hectares with high potential and more than 4.5 million hectares with an average potential to grow and produce sugarcane in Mexico. Climate change and the introduction of alternative sugars represent serious challenges for the sugarcane industry. In addition to the need of increasing productivity both in field and mills, credits and irrigation technology are the key factors to reach competitiveness at a global level. The organizational structure is complete but complex and complicated too, with public policies that impede a real growth of the activity. This production system has had an irregular development during the last 30 years, with poor advances in field and mills yields, and an evident reduction in the number of mills. Similarly, the genetic basis of sugarcane varieties has decreased notably. From the phylogenetic analysis performed herein, a polyphyletic group was identified, which indicates that the commercial varieties grown in Mexico have common ancestors both within the genus Saccharum and Miscanthus. A central group well defined in the phylogenetic tree was identified, and encompasses the commercial hybrids CP 72-2086, ITV 92-1424 and CP 44-10, together with a species close related to Miscanthus, which gives rise to a higher genetic variability.

Master thesis

Saccharum Agroindustria Mexicana Rendimiento en azúcar Enfoques agronómicos Andropogoneae Filogenia Mexican Agroindustry Sugar yield Agronomic approaches Phylogeny Genética Maestría CIENCIAS AGROPECUARIAS Y BIOTECNOLOGÍA

The strategic role of mexican labor under NAFTA: Critical perspectives on current economic integration

RAUL DELGADO WISE James Martin Cypher (2007)

This article aims to reveal the precise meaning of

Mexico’s export platform by focusing on maquiladoras

and the disguised maquila industry. In both sectors,

imported components account for 75 to 90 percent of

export value. As a result, benefits for the Mexican economy

are basically restricted to wages, that is, the value

of the labor incorporated into the exports. The authors

argue that what is actually taking place is the disembodied

exportation of labor or, alternatively, that the workforce

is being exported without requiring Mexican

workers to leave the country. The authors thus demystify

the purported orientation of Mexican exports toward

high-value-added manufactured goods and reveal the

regressive movement of the export platform.

Producción Científica de la Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas UAZ

Article

CIENCIAS SOCIALES NAFTA Maquiladora industry Disguised maquila Export-led industrialization Transnational corporations Mexican conglomerates Tratado de Libre Comercio Corporaciones transnacionales Industria maquiladora

Length-weight relations of eight fish species from a small Caribbean coastal lagoon, Mexico

ROBERTO CARLOS BARRIENTOS MEDINA SILVIA AVILÉS TORRES JORGE AUGUSTO NAVARRO ALBERTO (2013)

Due to the importance of the estuarine fish fauna in Mexico and the implications of length–weight relation (LWR) for management and conservation, we present the estimates of the LWR for eight fish species from Rio Huach, a small estuarine system of the Mexican Caribbean. Fishes were caught in five sampling points during an annual cycle (1998) and in November of 2000, were measured with a digital calliper and weighed with a digital balance to obtain the standard length (SL) and weight (W). The LWR were obtained with two estimation methods: standardized major axis (SMA) and ordinary least squares (OLS). A total of 678 specimens were suitable for analysis. The estimates of LWR for Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes, 1837) and Cyprinodon artifrons Hubbs, 1936 are presented here for first time, and for four species statistical differences with previous estimations of LWR were found (considering one or both estimation methods). With these results, the knowledge of LWR for tropical fish species is increasing and the importance of considering the estimation of LWR parameters using the standardized major axis method is discussed.

Article

BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA MEDICINA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD Estuarine fishes Length–weight relations Regression methods Mexican Caribbean

Unusual chemical composition of a Mexican propolis collected in Quintana Roo, Mexico

Severine Boisard THI HUONG FABIOLA ESCALANTE EROSA LUIS IGNACIO HERNANDEZ CHAVEZ LUIS MANUEL PEÑA RODRIGUEZ Pascal Richomme (2015)

Propolis is a resinous natural substance collected by honey bees from buds and exudates of various trees and plants. It is widely accepted that the composition of propolis depends on the phytogeographic characteristics of the site of collection. In this study, we have analyzed the chemical composition of a propolis collected in Quintana Roo, Mexico, and evaluated its antioxidant, antifungal, and antibacterial activities. Unexpectedly, the chemical analysis showed that the main components of the ethanolic extract of this Mexican propolis appeared to be pentacyclic triterpenoids, such as α and β-amyrin derivatives, and sterols. The crude extract did not show antioxidant activity when tested using the DPPH-reduction assay, and it also proved inactive when tested for antifungal and antibacterial activities using microdilution and agar diffusion assays, respectively. The fact that the presence of both α and β-amyrins and their derivatives have been reported from the resin of Bursera simaruba, one of the plants used by the bees for propolis production in Quintana Roo, Mexico, confirms the relationship that exists between the flora available to bees in agiven region and the chemical composition of the propolis that they produce.

Article

AMYRINS BURSERA SIMARUBA MEXICAN PROPOLIS MEXICAN PROPOLIS PENTACYCLIC TRITERPENES STEROLS BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA

Migration and remittances on Mexican economic growth

ESTHER FIGUEROA HERNANDEZ FRANCISCO PEREZ SOTO LUCILA GODINEZ MONTOYA (2013)

Mexican population in 2010 compared with 2000 shows a 32% reduction in international migration and a 36% reduction in the number of people who emmigrated to the United States, so that the USA went from 96% to concentrate 89% of total flow of international Mexican migrants. The aim of this research was to analyze the influence of the variables: number of migrants, the exchange rate, the minimum wage in Mexico, remittances, USA wages, unemployment and inflation in the United States on Mexican economic growth. To develop the study, it was performed a multiple linear regression model of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in terms of migration and remittances uptake. Based on statistical and economic analysis, it was concluded that the main explanatory variables for economic growth were: the number of migrants, the exchange rate, remittances, wages and unemployment in the United States.

Article

GDP Mexican migration remittances CIENCIAS SOCIALES

El último suspiro de la prensa carrancista. El Pueblo y El Demócrata (1919-1920)

FRANCISCO IVAN MENDEZ LARA (2020)

Entre 1919 y 1920 se desarrolló una lucha periodística

entre los diarios carrancistas y aquellos órganos informativos

que surgieron al calor de la disputa electoral. Sin embargo,

los estudios sobre este período no han prestado la suficiente

atención a la prensa oficialista que enfrentó una crisis severa,

que a su vez fue un espacio de confrontación y reflejo fiel de las

disputas en el seno del grupo cercano a Venustiano Carranza.

Con base en fuentes hemerográficas se reconstruyen los últimos

meses de existencia de los principales diarios carrancistas,

El Pueblo y El Demócrata, con el objetivo de comprender otro

de los factores que le impidieron al presidente de la república

salir airoso del proceso sucesorio de 1920.

Between 1919 and 1920 a journalistic struggle

developed between the Carrancistas newspapers and those

informative bodies that emerged in the heat of the electoral

dispute. However, studies on this period have not paid

enough attention to the official press that faced a severe crisis

and which in turn was a space of confrontation and faithful

reflection of the disputes within the group near Venustiano

Carranza. The last months of existence of the main carrancistas

newspapers, El Pueblo and El Demócrata, are reconstructed on

the basis of hemerographic sources, with the aim of understanding

another of the factors that prevented the president

from leaving the 1920 succession process.

Article

CIENCIAS SOCIALES HISTORIA HISTORIA POR ESPECIALIDADES Revolución mexicana periódicos prensa carrancista propaganda Venustiano Carranza Mexican revolution newspapers carrancista press propaganda

El cuento de horror fantástico visto por seis narradores mexicanos

Isaí Mejía Villareal (2015)

119 páginas. Maestría en Literatura Mexicana Contemporánea.

Esta investigación recibió financiamiento del Padrón Nacional de Posgrados Calidad del CONACYT. México, D. F., a 29 de abril de 2015.

Dentro de la literatura mexicana, el cuento de horror fantástico ha sido considerado un género minoritario si no es que inexistente. Prueba de ello es la ausencia de artículos de divulgación científica, estudios académicos o antologías dedicadas al estudio de las obras más representativas de este género narrativo. En los pocos estudios que abordan el tema, se suele afirmar que el cuento de horror no existe en México o que lo que se ha escrito de esta temática carece de interés y valor. A lo largo de este trabajo me he propuesto demostrar justamente lo contrario, es decir, que el cuento de horror fantástico existe, en efecto, en México y ha sido practicado por un conjunto de escritores poseedores todos ellos de una propuesta estética de un notable interés y valor. Si bien los antecedentes del relato de horror fantástico en la literatura mexicana se remontan a inicios del siglo XX (y aún al siglo XIX), considero que su etapa de consolidación ocurrió en la segunda mitad del siglo XX, de la mano de los autores de la llamada Generación de Medio Siglo. Por ello, para esta investigación he decidido concentrarme en la obra publicada a partir de este periodo por tratarse de una época en la que ocurre un desarrollo importante de esta narrativa en la literatura mexicana.

Master thesis

Francisco Tario; Carlos Fuentes; José Emilio Pacheco; Amparo Dávila; Guadalupe Dueñas. Horror tales, Mexican. Cuentos de terror mexicanos. PQ7298.413.U39 HUMANIDADES Y CIENCIAS DE LA CONDUCTA CIENCIAS DE LAS ARTES Y LAS LETRAS TEORÍA, ANÁLISIS Y CRÍTICA LITERARIAS ANÁLISIS LITERARIO

The Corpus DIMEx100: transcription and evaluation

Luis A. Pineda HAYDE CASTELLANOS VARGAS JANET JUAREZ ESCOBAR Joaquim Llisterri LUIS VILLASEÑOR PINEDA (2009)

In this paper the transcription and evaluation of the corpus DIMEx100 for Mexican Spanish is presented. First we describe the corpus and explain the linguistic and computational motivation for its design and collection process; then, the phonetic antecedents and the alphabet adopted for the transcription task are presented; the corpus has been transcribed at three different granularity levels, which are also specified in detail. The corpus statistics for each transcription level are also presented. A set of phonetic rules describing phonetic context observed empirically in spontaneous conversation is also validated with the transcription. The corpus has been used for the construction of acoustic models and a phonetic dictionary for the construction of a speech recognition system. Initial performance results suggest that the data can be used to train good quality acoustic models.

Article

Phonetic corpus Phonetic transcription Transcription granularity Mexican Spanish Acoustic models CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA MATEMÁTICAS CIENCIA DE LOS ORDENADORES

Unusual chemical composition of a Mexican propolis collected in Quintana Roo, Mexico

Severine Boisard THI HUONG FABIOLA ESCALANTE EROSA LUIS IGNACIO HERNANDEZ CHAVEZ LUIS MANUEL PEÑA RODRIGUEZ Pascal Richomme (2015)

Propolis is a resinous natural substance collected by honey bees from buds and exudates of various trees and plants. It is widely accepted that the composition of propolis depends on the phytogeographic characteristics of the site of collection. In this study, we have analyzed the chemical composition of a propolis collected in Quintana Roo, Mexico, and evaluated its antioxidant, antifungal, and antibacterial activities. Unexpectedly, the chemical analysis showed that the main components of the ethanolic extract of this Mexican propolis appeared to be pentacyclic triterpenoids, such as α and β-amyrin derivatives, and sterols. The crude extract did not show antioxidant activity when tested using the DPPH-reduction assay, and it also proved inactive when tested for antifungal and antibacterial activities using microdilution and agar diffusion assays, respectively. The fact that the presence of both α and β-amyrins and their derivatives have been reported from the resin of Bursera simaruba, one of the plants used by the bees for propolis production in Quintana Roo, Mexico, confirms the relationship that exists between the flora available to bees in agiven region and the chemical composition of the propolis that they produce.

Article

AMYRINS BURSERA SIMARUBA MEXICAN PROPOLIS MEXICAN PROPOLIS PENTACYCLIC TRITERPENES STEROLS BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA