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Phthalates in the diet of Mexican children of school age. Risk analysis

ARACELI AMAYA CHAVEZ MARIA MAGDALENA GARCIA FABILA JUAN CARLOS SANCHEZ MEZA ALICIA REYES GARCIA LILIA PATRICIA BUSTAMANTE MONTES (2020)

Artículo científico

Phthalates are widely used as plasticizers, additives, or solvents. Its extensive use has generated environmental and food contamination, which implies continuous population exposure. The aim of this work was to determine the probability of health risk of Mexican children exposed to phthalates through the consumption of contaminated food. A survey was applied to 384 Mexican school-age children (between 6 and 12 years old), to find out the type of food they eat most frequently, based on this, a research was made to know the concentration of phthalates contained in these foods. The daily intake had been calculated with the concentration of phthalates reported in food, obtaining: DEHP (19.50 μg/kg body weight/day), DnBP (5.52 μg/kg body weight/day) y for DEP (1.12 μg/kg body weight/day). The hazard index (HI) for DEP y DEHP was 0.49 to 42.5 for internal organs damage reported. HI for reproductive health damage due to exposure to DnBT and DEHP was of 0.04 to 5.58, so that there is a high probability that children’s health is at risk. Therefore, it is necessary to a quantitative analysis of phthalates in food consumed in Latin American countries and establish the TDI of phthalates especially, to DEHP, which was obtained the higher HI.

Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México

Article

Food exposure Diethyl phthalate Dibutyl phthalate Di-2 ethyl hexyl-phthalate Children’s Health hazard index BIOLOGÍA Y QUÍMICA

Food security programs for the construction of citizenship in Mexico

Jorge Guadalupe Arzate Salgado Dídimo Castillo Fernández (2021)

The objective was to describe the food security programs implemented by the government of the State of Mexico, for the construction of citizenship during the period 2006-2011. In relation to food security programs, the contributions of Urquía, (2014), Torres, Herrera, Vizcarra and Lutz, (2015) among others were used. The term construction of citizenship was based on the premises of Foucault (2000), Bovero (2002), O`Donnell (2010) and Damián (2019). The research was descriptive, with a field design. The conclusions revolve around a weak generation of active citizenship relationships as a result of these programs.

Article

Research Subject Categories Food security programs construction of citizenship CIENCIAS SOCIALES

Asociación entre la ingesta de calcio dietético y el índice de masa corporal elevado en adultos mexicanos de 20 a 59 años de edad: estudio de corte transversal

ANA MARIA GONZALEZ PONCE LUCIA HERNANDEZ BARRERA MARIO EFRAIN FLORES ALDANA Ismael Ricardo Campos-Nonato (2013)

Antecedentes: Aunque, el balance energético es el principal factor que regula el peso corporal, estudios recientes sugieren que el metabolismo del calcio puede modificar el balance energético y actuar en la regulación del mismo. Objetivo: Evaluar la asociación entre la ingesta de calcio dietético y el índice de masa corporal elevado en adultos mexicanos de 20 a 59 años. Material y métodos: Estudio secundario de tipo analítico, derivado de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2006. Se analizó la información del cuestionario de frecuencia de alimentos a 16.494 adultos. Después de eliminar valores biológicamente inadmisibles o casos con información incompleta, la muestra final fue de 15.662 adultos que se agruparon según su índice de masa corporal. Se utilizó regresión lineal para estimar la asociación entre ingesta de calcio dietético y el índice de masa corporal. Resultados: Hubo asociación inversa entre el consumo de calcio dietético e índice de masa corporal. Los sujetos con índice de masa corporal normal consumieron 903,9 mg/d versus 832,0 mg/d de calcio en obesos (p < 0,0001). Conclusión: Este estudio corrobora la evidencia existente de asociación inversa entre la ingesta de calcio dietético y el índice de masa corporal elevado.

Article

Dietary calcium, calcium intake, dairy products, obesity, overweight, national surveys, adult, Mexico MEDICINA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD