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Average conditions of thermal stress in Mexican cities with more than one million inhabitants in the face of climatic change

ADALBERTO TEJEDA MARTINEZ ELDA LUYANDO LOPEZ DOMINGO ERNESTO JAUREGUI OSTOS (2011)

Human bioclimatic scenarios are presented for Mexican cities with more than a million inhabitants. For this, both urban and global warming were considered, the former having been inferred from demographic data, and the latter from the output of general circulation models. Thus, it was possible to estimate increases in temperature and modifications in hygrometric conditions, which were then used to estimate the human bioclimate for the period of 1981-2000 and the decades of 2030 and 2050, as well as the domestic electrical consumption for air-conditioning in housing resulting there from.

Article

CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA bioclimatic scenarios global warming urban hygrometric conditions temperature

Localización de puntos de transferencia para transporte urbano y suburbano. Una alternativa metodológica para el caso de la Zona Urbana Toluca, México

EUSEBIO CARDENAS GUTIERREZ (2001)

The present work contains a terminals location proposal for urban and suburban transportation of Toluca city urban area, wich was elaborated as follows: 1. Conceptualization of terminals or transfer points, as a transportation infrastructure component. 2. Identification and analysis, under a systems approach, of the main variables that affect terminals location for urban transportation: land use with regard to population density and urban center activities; origins and destinations of transportation service; location and characteristicis of arterial streets; location of existing spontaneous transfer points. 3. Proposition of eight urban and suburban transportation terminals and its evaluation through the multiple criteria technique and final proposal of five transfer points in hierarchical order according to adopted criteria.

Article

Multidisciplinarias (Ciencias Sociales) terminals transportation urban passengers CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA

Average conditions of thermal stress in Mexican cities with more than one million inhabitants in the face of climatic change

ADALBERTO TEJEDA MARTINEZ ELDA LUYANDO LOPEZ DOMINGO ERNESTO JAUREGUI OSTOS (2011)

Human bioclimatic scenarios are presented for Mexican cities with more than a million inhabitants. For this, both urban and global warming were considered, the former having been inferred from demographic data, and the latter from the output of general circulation models. Thus, it was possible to estimate increases in temperature and modifications in hygrometric conditions, which were then used to estimate the human bioclimate for the period of 1981-2000 and the decades of 2030 and 2050, as well as the domestic electrical consumption for air-conditioning in housing resulting there from.

Article

CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA bioclimatic scenarios global warming urban hygrometric conditions temperature

SUELO, EJIDO Y CIUDAD MEXICANA. ALGUNOS APUNTES PARA COMPRENDER SU RELACION

CARLOS ENRIQUE FLORES RODRIGUEZ (2015)

In post-Revolutionary Mexico, two issues became pervasive: municipality and agrarianism. While municipality was the basis for the territorial and administrative division of the country, the thirties of the past century saw the beginning of the agricultural distribution based on the common land (ejido) formula. However, the particularities of its legal framework led to the confrontation between both institutions, enabling the founding of parallel governments and authorities. Although contradictions were present from the outset, it was the establishment of urban planning for the country in the sixties which exacerbated the fight for the control and administration of the land. After almost four decades of coexistence and despite the reforms and amends in their legal frameworks, both instances continue to be incompatible, in competition and, not seldom, in collusion. From a historical hermeneutic position, this work seeks to reflect upon their implications and intends to offer further insights into their discussion and current shape.

En el México posrevolucionario, dos discusiones marcarían su devenir: municipalismo y agrarismo. Aunque el municipio fue la base de la división territorial y administrativa del país, en la década del treinta del siglo pasado se inicia la repartición agraria bajo la fórmula del ejido. Su peculiar marco jurídico, sin embargo, enfrentaría a ambas instituciones posibilitando la instauración de gobiernos y autoridades paralelas. Si bien las contradicciones surgieron desde un inicio, sería con la institucionalización del planeamiento urbano del país en la década del setenta, cuando la lucha por el control y administración del territorio empieza a ser evidenciada. Con casi cuatro décadas de coexistencia, a pesar de reformas y modificaciones a sus legislaciones, ambas instancias continúan mostrándose incompatibles, en competencia y, en no pocas veces, en connivencia. El trabajo, y desde una posición histórica hermenéutica, busca reflexionar en dichas implicaciones y pretende abonar en su discusión y actualidad.

Article

ejido municipio planeamiento urbano negociación municipality urban planning negotiations CIENCIAS SOCIALES

Organizaciones de colectivos y políticas para el servicio de transporte publico colectivo de pasajeros en el DF 1988-2000

Sandra Luz Bacelis Roldán (2003)

101 páginas. Maestría en Planeación y Políticas Metropolitanas.

Se analiza la posible relación existente entre organizaciones de colectivos y políticas públicas para ese subsector entre 1988 y 2000, a partir de dos elementos fundamentales: 1. Caracterizar a las asociaciones de concesionarios del autotransporte colectivo en sus principales componentes su estructura sociorganizacional, relaciones internas, y 2. Identificar y explicar las políticas gubernamentales dirigidas a los colectivos, así como la evaluación de resultados.

Master thesis

Urban transportation. Transporte urbano. Política de transporte urbano. HE305 CIENCIAS SOCIALES SOCIOLOGÍA PROBLEMAS SOCIALES

Política urbana como política cultural en la ciudad fragmentada: las cuatro fábricas de artes y oficios, FAROS

Kym Layla Pérez Sandoval (2013)

135 páginas. Maestría en Diseño.

Se indaga cual es la dimensión urbana que mantiene las infraestructuras alternativas producidas para fines culturales en 4 periferias de la ciudad, así como describir su organización y la oferta de servicios culturales que logran mitigar la polarización de la ciudad global de servicios culturales centralizados. Para lo cual se abordará la relación de centros culturales relacionando sus funcionalidades, es decir, sus ofertas y modos de consumo local y regional y la descripción de su entorno urbano, entendido como modos de vivir la ciudad.

Master thesis

Urban policy. Instalaciones artísticas -- Administración. Política urbana. Ciudad de México -- Política cultural. HT123 CIENCIAS SOCIALES SOCIOLOGÍA SOCIOLOGÍA CULTURAL SOCIOLOGÍA DEL ARTE

La relación entre forma urbana, oferta laboral y la dependencia al automóvil: el caso de Santa Fe, Ciudad de México

MIRIAM MONTERRUBIO HERNANDEZ (2013)

163 páginas. Maestría en Planeación y Políticas Metropolitanas.

El desarrollo de Santa Fe, impulsado por el gobierno capitalino a finales de la década de los 80 como gran proyecto inmobiliario con la finalidad de insertar a México en la economía globalizada, se ha convertido en un pujante centro laboral del sector terciario y como consecuencia, un polo de atracción de población flotante. De acuerdo a lo anterior, el objetivo de esta investigación consiste en explorar el efecto de su ubicación y forma urbana en las prácticas del uso del automóvil de los empleados, tanto para llegar a su trabajo, como para movilizarse dentro de la zona. El estudio se justifica dada la aguda situación de inaccesibilidad y dependencia al automóvil que caracteriza a Santa Fe. La metodología de investigación conjuga la interrogación de evidencias documentales, estadísticas y cartográficas con el análisis cualitativo basado en entrevistas extensivas dirigidas a trabajadores y funcionarios que acuden a la zona diariamente. Se busca demostrar el carácter multifactorial en la toma de decisiones de la población flotante, mismo que está determinando su elección con respecto a los distintos modos de transporte con que acceden a la zona, que al cruzarse con la dinámica urbana y económica, han ido complejizando la movilidad hacia y en Santa Fe.

Master thesis

Urban transportation. Transporte urbano. Mano de obra -- Oferta. HE305 INGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA CIENCIAS TECNOLÓGICAS TECNOLOGÍA DE LOS SISTEMAS DE TRANSPORTE SISTEMAS DE TRÁNSITO URBANO

Urban Form and Productivity in Mexico 1995-2015

Jorge Alberto Montejano Escamilla CAMILO ALBERTO CAUDILLO COS Paavo Monkkonen Erick Guerra (2020)

Worldwide, urban policies are encouraging more compact development in cities arguing environmental sustainability and higher economic productivity. However, there is limited evidence for the relationship between urban form and economic productivity outside high-income countries. While we know that workers in larger cities are more productive, existing empirical evidence on the relationship between compactness and productivity is only from high-income countries, with a productive service sector. Given that the economic base of many cities in Mexico consists of land-intensive manufacturing activities, policies promoting urban compactness have potential negative impacts on economic growth by restraining expansion. In this paper we explore the relationship in time between urban form/spatial structure and economic productivity in Mexico, by testing the hypothesis that growing in a compact way is positively associated with labor productivity. That hypothesis is not completely rejected because several measures of urban form are positively correlated with higher levels of productivity, and other measures are negatively correlated. As the principal findings are counterintuitive, they raise questions about what is the accepted knowledge of urban growth.

Article

Urban Form urban structure productivity manufacturing CIENCIAS SOCIALES GEOGRAFÍA GEOGRAFÍA ECONÓMICA DESARROLLO REGIONAL DESARROLLO REGIONAL

Urban regeneration with a habitable and resilient vision for the conurbation of toluca

JESUS ENRIQUE DE HOYOS MARTINEZ GEORGINA ALICIA GARCIA LUNA VILLAGRAN VERONICA ZENDEJAS SANTIN (2017)

This article analyzes the situation of three case studies in the urban area of Toluca including the raising of the quality of life in

the urban population, through intervention in distinct qualitative and quantitative indicators which allow for comprehensive,

timely and efficient observation of the issues facing cities when it comes to the design and development of neighborhoods.

These interventions consist of regenerating urban areas, creating urban spaces with vision, habitable and resilient attending

to problems of social exclusion, of housing and environments in a holistic way, guaranteeing the habitability of massive

housing. The article will focus on an analysis of three case studies in the metropolitan area of the city of Toluca

Article

Urban Regeneration Habitability Resiliency CIENCIAS SOCIALES

Cluster Analysis of the Wind Events and Seasonal Wind Circulation Patterns in the Mexico City Region

SUSANA CARREON SIERRA VICTOR ALEJANDRO SALCIDO GONZALEZ Telma Castro ANA TERESA CELADA MURILLO (2015)

The residents of Mexico City face serious problems of air pollution. Identifying the most representative scenarios for the transport and dispersion of air pollutants requires the knowledge of the main wind circulation patterns. In this paper, a simple method to recognize and characterize the wind circulation patterns in a given region is proposed and applied to the Mexico City winds (2001–2006). This method uses a lattice wind approach to model the local wind events at the meso-β scale, and hierarchical cluster analysis to recognize their agglomerations in their phase space. Data of the meteorological network of Mexico City was used as input for the lattice wind model. The Ward’s clustering algorithm with Euclidean distance was applied to organize the model wind events in seasonal clusters for each year of the period. Comparison of the hourly population trends of these clusters permitted the recognition and detailed description of seven circulation patterns. These patterns resemble the qualitative descriptions of the Mexico City wind circulation modes reported by other authors. Our method, however, permitted also their quantitative characterization in terms of the wind attributes of velocity, divergence and vorticity, and an estimation of their seasonal and annual occurrence probabilities, which never before were quantified.

Article

CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA urban winds wind patterns lattice wind models cluster analysis