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Self-Care behaviors in older adults: a cualitative study in a Mexican population

MA. DE LOURDES VARGAS SANTILLAN BEATRIZ ARANA GOMEZ MARIA DE LOURDES GARCIA HERNANDEZ MARIA GUADALUPE RUELAS GONZALEZ estela melguizo (2018)

Background: Older adults perform self-care activities based on common knowledge, which should be valued by the nursing team. Objectives: To describe and analyze the self-care behaviors of older adults in a Mexican population. Methodology: Qualitative ethnographic study, using Leininger’s qualitative research method. Results: Seventeen older adults were interviewed. Te analysis resulted in 4 explanatory patterns: 1) I keep my peace of mind through what I think, feel, and believe; 2) I watch my diet and pay attention not only to what I eat but also how I eat it; 3) Staying busy is what keeps me going; 4) and Seeking help and helping myself. Te following risk behaviors were identifed: Postponing medical care; Self-medication; and Food-related beliefs. Conclusion: Identifying older adults’ reported behaviors would contribute to the planning of culturally-sensitive nursing interventions.

Marco contextual: Los adultos mayores realizan prácticas de autocuidado con base en sus saberes populares, estas de- ben ser valoradas por el personal de enfermería. Objetivos: Describir y analizar las prácticas de autocuidado que llevan a cabo adultos mayores de una población mexicana. Metodología: Investigación cualitativa etnográfica, en la que se utilizó el método de análisis cualitativo de Leininger. Resultados: Se entrevistó a 17 adultos mayores. El análisis originó 4 patrones explicativos: 1) Conservo mi tranquilidad a través de lo que pienso, siento y creo; 2) Cuido mi alimentación porque no solo es lo que se come, sino cómo se come; 3) Mantenerme ocupado es lo que me tiene en pie; 4) Pidiendo ayuda y ayudándose uno mismo. Las prácticas de riesgo son posponer la atención médica, automedicarse y las creencias en la alimentación. Conclusión: La identificación de las prácticas expresadas por los adultos mayores aportaría una plusvalía en la planificación de las intervenciones de enfermería en el ámbito de los cuidados culturalmente sensibles.

Article

health knowledge attitudes practice aged nursing care culture HUMANIDADES Y CIENCIAS DE LA CONDUCTA

Action Research in Educational Reflective Practice

RENE PEDROZA FLORES (2016)

Current educational reforms promote education based on skills and constructive learning, creating changes in educational practice. Emphasis is placed on student-centered teaching, self-learning, strategic educational management, cognitive diversity, compensation for equity, incorporation of communication and information technologies, the acquisition of thinking skills, the mastery of different types of knowledge, forms of assessment based on performance, innovation and improvement of educational practice as an intervention process in the pedagogical relationship and the academic management models.

Current educational reforms promote education based on skills and constructive learning, creating changes in educational practice. Emphasis is placed on student-centered teaching, self-learning, strategic educational management, cognitive diversity, compensation for equity, incorporation of communication and information technologies, the acquisition of thinking skills, the mastery of different types of knowledge, forms of assessment based on performance, innovation and improvement of educational practice as an intervention process in the pedagogical relationship and the academic management models.

UAEM

Book

Action Research Reflective Practice Education CIENCIAS SOCIALES

Evaluación de la interacción genotipo por práctica de labranza (G x T) del cultivo de trigo

RUY PONCE CRUZ (2013)

Tesis (Maestría en Ciencias, especialista en Hidrociencias).- Colegio de Postgraduados, 2013.

Esta investigación es parte de los esfuerzos del Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT) para evaluar la interacción entre genotipo y práctica de labranza en cuanto a desarrollo de trigo y su rendimiento bajo diferentes niveles de estrés hídrico, con el propósito de optimizar el proceso de mejoramiento de trigo para distintos sistemas agronómicos.El experimento se realizó en el Campo Experimental Norman E. Borlaug (CENEB), localizado en la parte noroeste de México, en un suelo Chromic Haplotorrert (Hyposodic Vertisol, Calcaric, Chromic), bajo en materia orgánica (< 1%), en condiciones áridas.Los tratamientos fueron: Camas Convencionales (CC) y Camas Permanentes (CP) y el régimen de riego, Completo (RC) y Reducido (RR). Para determinar la efectividad del sistema de producción en cada una de los 48 genotipos (30 T. harinero y 18 T. duro) sembrados, se evaluó el desarrollo del cultivo mediante el porcentaje de cobertura por el follaje mediante fotos digitales, se utilizó el sensor GreenSeeker™ para medir el índice diferencial normalizado de vegetación (NDVI), y por gravimetría-volumetría se calculó el contenido de humedad en el suelo. También se estimó el rendimiento de producción de grano. Se encontró que la interacción GxT resulto significativa, tanto para trigo harinero y trigo duro. El rendimiento promedio de los genotipos de trigo harinero y duro difería en las distintas prácticas de labranza y regímenes de riego. Seis genotipos (3 T. harinero y 3 T. Duro) fueron seleccionados utilizando rendimiento de grano, porcentaje de cobertura del suelo por el follaje y NDVI como criterios para el análisis más detallado. Genotipo 48 y 31 de trigo harinero y duro se adaptaron mejor en camas convencionales con riego completo, su capacidad de crecimiento inicial y valores de NDVI altos, resulto una ventaja en rendimiento. Genotipo 13 y 27 de trigo harinero y duro respectivamente, mostraron un buen rendimiento en camas permanentes con riego completo, su mejor desarrollo lo tuvieron en las etapas de floración y llenado de grano. Para los ambientes de riego reducido genotipo 48 y 13 de trigo harinero tuvieron un mejor desarrollo en camas permanentes, registrando altos porcentajes de cobertura y NDVI. Es importante analizar los genotipos a través de los ciclos para poder atribuir de manera específica aquellas características que influyen en un mejor desarrollo y adaptación al sistema lo cual repercute en el rendimiento de grano. _______________ EVALUATION OF THE GENOTYPE BY TILLAGE INTERACTION (G x T) FOR DIFFERENT DURUM AND BREAD WHEAT CULTIVARS/GENOTYPES. ABSTRACT: This research is part of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre’s (CIMMYT) effort to evaluate genotype by tillage interactions (GxT) in terms of development and performance of wheat under different water stress levels in order to optimize wheat breeding for different agronomic practices. The experiment was conducted at the experiment station CENEB (Campo Experimental Norman E. Borlaug), near Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, Mexico (lat. 27.33°N, long. 109.09°W, 38 m a.s.l.). The soil is a Chromic Haplotorrert (Hyposodic Vertisol, Calcaric, Chromic) with low organic matter content (<1 %) in an arid climate, with an annual rainfall of 320 mm. The treatments were conventional tilled beds (CTB) and permanent beds (PB) with full and reduced irrigation regime. To determine the effects of the production system for each of the 48 genotypes [30 bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) varieties and 18 durum wheat (Triticum durum) varieties], crop development was assessed by the percentage of crop coverage by foliage using digital photos, by NDVI (normalized difference vegetation index) measurements obtained by using the GreenSeeker ™ sensor, by calculations of the gravimetric-volumetric soil moisture content and lastly by grain yield estimations. We found a significant GxT interaction for tillage and irrigation environments for both bread wheat and durum wheat. The average yield for bread and durum wheat genotypes differed in various tillage practices and irrigation regimes. Six genotypes (3 bread wheat and 3 durum wheat) were selected using grain yield, percent ground cover by foliage and NDVI as criteria for further analysis. Genotypes 48 for bread wheat and genotype 31 for durum wheat have shown best adaptation in CTB with full irrigation presenting initial growth capacity and high NDVI values, which turned out in an advantage in crop performance. Genotype 13 and 27 bread and durum wheat resulted in good performance in PB with full irrigation with better development in the stages of flowering and grain filling. For reduced irrigation environments genotype 48 and 13 of bread wheat had better development in PB, recording high rates of coverage and NDVI. It is important to analyze the genotypes through cycles to specifically attribute those characteristics that are influencing a better adaptation to the plant development and thereby affecting grain yield.

Master thesis

Interacción Genotipo Práctica de labranza Porcentaje de cobertura NDVI Interaction Genotype Tillage practice Percent cover Hidrociencias Maestría CIENCIAS AGROPECUARIAS Y BIOTECNOLOGÍA

Our turn. An evaluation of the turn to the practice based approach in information science

GIBRAN RIVERA GONZALEZ (2013)

"The paper evaluates the turn to practice in information science, through a summary of the theory and exploration of empirical data about the use of collaborative software. Themes of practice theory, namely: change, socio- materiality, relational thinking and knowing are summarised and previous use of practice based approaches to studying the adoption of information technologies are discussed. The empirical data is thirty interviews with Human Resource professionals involved in a project in a large Mexican University. The strength of the analysis using the practice based approach is to dee- pen our understanding of context emerge from an analysis of the data. The sociology of translation can be used to further deepen understanding of the political process around the project. Remaining issues point to a major issue with practice based approaches, namely the adequacy of its treatment of structural power."

Book part

CIENCIAS SOCIALES Practice theory Collaborative software Adoption Information technologies

Concepciones sobre la práctica docente en matemáticas: Un estudio de caso.

FLOR RODRIGUEZ-VASQUEZ CATALINA NAVARRO SANDOVAL Maria del Socorro Garcia-González (2018)

Research has shown that teachers have multiple conceptions about teaching and learning of mathematics. The purpose of the present study was to identify teachers¿ conceptions about their teaching practice and to investigate any possible relationship between these conceptions. Eight subjects participated in the study, all of them students of Professional Master in Mathematics of the Autonomous University of Guerrero. Six were secondary school teachers and two were high school teachers. To obtain data, were applied 6 activities under action-research method.

Book part

Conception Teaching Practice Mathematics HUMANIDADES Y CIENCIAS DE LA CONDUCTA PEDAGOGÍA OTRAS ESPECIALIDADES PEDAGÓGICAS

Viewpoint: beasts of the field? ethics in agricultural and applied economics

Anna Josephson Jeffrey Michler (2018)

Ongoing changes to research practices and recent media attention to agricultural and applied economics have raised new ethical problems, but also created opportunities for new solutions. In this paper, we discuss ethical issues facing the profession and propose potential ways in which the field can address these issues. We divide our discussion into two topics. First are ethical issues that arise during the collection, management and analysis of data. Second are ethical issues faced by researchers as they formulate, fund, and disseminate their research. We pay special attention to issues of data dredging or p-hacking and potential ethical issues arising from interaction with the media.

Article

Agricultural economics Ethics Scientists Work planning Scientific Misconduct Research Practice Research Misconduct Role of Economists ETHICS CIENCIAS AGROPECUARIAS Y BIOTECNOLOGÍA

The Current Medical Practice: The Case of a Medical Act of Kidnapped

OSCAR DONOVAN CASAS PATIÑO ALEJANDRA RODRIGUEZ TORRES (2016)

Submit reflection, it is part of a time when medical act and the medical practice, which is exercised in a corner of contemporary Mexico, where the approach to medical science invites oblivion patient, dogamticas structures domesticate the medical act coast the neglect of this science, here is a moment of reflection for the few who dare to look oblivion of our profession.

Submit reflection, it is part of a time when medical act and the medical practice, which is exercised in a corner of contemporary Mexico, where the approach to medical science invites oblivion patient, dogamticas structures domesticate the medical act coast the neglect of this science, here is a moment of reflection for the few who dare to look oblivion of our profession.

Article

medical practice medical act medical ethics MEDICINA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD

Prácticas agroecológicas y su influencia en la fertilidad del suelo en la región cafetalera de Xolotla, Puebla

Agroecological practices and their influence on soil fertility in the coffee region of Xolotla, Puebla

ANDREA CONTRERAS CRUZ PRIMO SANCHEZ MORALES OMAR ROMERO ARENAS JOSE ANTONIO RIVERA TAPIA IGNACIO OCAMPO FLETES (2019)

l café (Coffea arabica L.) es un cultivo muy importante para el desarrollo del centro y sur de México: 70% del área cultivada se encuentra bajo manejo tradicional. Por la relevancia de estos agroecosistemas el objetivo fue identificar prácticas agroecológicas (PA) y su influencia en la fertilidad del suelo en sistemas de café de Xolotla, Puebla. Para identificar PA se aplicó una encuesta a 79 productores; para determinar la fertilidad del suelo se realizaron análisis fisicoquímicos con base en la NOM-021-SEMARNAT; además, se analizó la concentración bacteriana total. Se encontró que 71% de las prácticas que se usan en el manejo del cafetal son agroecológicas, tienen relación positiva con el rendimiento y con los contenidos de nitrógeno, potasio y calcio del suelo, así como con la concentración bacteriana del suelo. Se concluye que las PA favorecen el rendimiento y la fertilidad del suelo en el sistema agroforestal café.

Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) is a very important crop for the development of central and southern Mexico: 70% of the cultivated area is under traditional management. Due to the relevance of these agroecosystems, the objective was to identify agroecological practices (PA) and their influence on soil fertility in coffee systems in Xolotla, Puebla. To identify PA, a survey was applied to 79 producers. To determine the fertility of the soil, physicochemical analyzes were carried out based on the NOM-021-SEMARNAT; in addition, the total bacterial concentration was analyzed. It was found that 71% of the practices used in the management of coffee plantations are agro-ecological, and they have a positive relationship with the yield and nitrogen, potassium and calcium contents of the soil, as well as with the bacterial concentration of the soil. It is concluded that PA favor soil yield and fertility in the coffee agroforestry system.

Article

CIENCIAS AGROPECUARIAS Y BIOTECNOLOGÍA Agroecosistema café Prácticas agroecológicas Fertilidad del suelo Conservación Café Coffee Agroecosystem Agroecological practice Soil fertility Conservation Coffee

Perspectives for the use of silver nanoparticles in dental practice

RENE GARCIA CONTRERAS LILIANA ARGUETA FIGUEROA CYNTHIA MEJIA RUBALCAVA ROCIO JIMENEZ MARTINEZ SAHAMANTA CUEVAS GUAJARDO PAOLA ARISELDA SANCHEZ REYNA Hugo Mendieta Zerón (2011)

Hacemos una revisión de la perspectiva del uso a futuro de las nanopartículas de plata en práctica dental.

Nanotechnology has been used for medical applications in several forms, including dental practice with the development of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) as a useful tool. The aim of this review was to identify the properties and appliances of Ag NPs in dental practice. Silver compounds and NPs have already been used as dental restorative material, endodontic retrofill cements, dental implants and caries inhibitory solution. Despite the effectiveness that Ag NPs has showed in dental practice, Ag NPs remain a controversial area of research with respect to their toxicity in biological and ecological systems. Therefore any application of Ag NPs in dentistry requires more studies. In order to avoided the toxicity of these materials Ag NPs can be temporarily used in dentistry.

Article

Silver nanoparticles Dental practice MEDICINA Y CIENCIAS DE LA SALUD