Title

Autoestima como mediador entre Afecto positivo-negativo y resiliencia en niños

Self-esteem as a mediator between positive-negative affection and resilience in a sample of Mexican children

Author

NORMA IVONNE GONZALEZ ARRATIA LOPEZ FUENTES

ALEJANDRA DEL CARMEN DOMINGUEZ ESPINOSA

JOSE LUIS VALDEZ MEDINA

Access level

Open Access

Subjects

HUMANIDADES Y CIENCIAS DE LA CONDUCTA - (CTI) Autoestima - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Afecto positivo - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Afecto negativo - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Resiliencia - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Niños - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) México - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Self-esteem - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Positive affection - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Negative affection - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Resilience - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) Children - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621]) - ([Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017), ISSN: 2007-9621])

Summary or description

El presente estudio tiene como objetivo verificar el rol mediador de la autoestima  en la relación entre el afecto positivo (AP), afecto negativo (AN) y resiliencia en niños. Se trata de un estudio transversal con una muestra de 188 niños entre 9 y 12 años de edad, aplicándose tres escalas que incluyen medición de la resiliencia, autoestima y afecto positivo-negativo. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos, de correlación producto momento de Pearson mediante los cuales se identifican asociaciones positivas y significativas entre las variables excepto el AN. Del análisis de trayectorias se comprueba que la autoestima es una variable moderadora  sobre las relaciones entre AP y resiliencia. Sin embargo, se requiere continuar identificando variables que mejor explican la resiliencia infantil.     

The present study aims to provide evidence for the mediator effect of self-esteem between the positive (PA) and negative affection (NA) of resilience in children. We conducted the cross-sectional study on a sample of 188 Mexican school children aged between 9 and 12 years old (X = 10.59, D. E. = 0.69). The students answered the scales of self-esteem by González-Arratia (2011a), which is the version of the PANAS scale of positive-negative affection (Watson, Clark & Tellegen, 1988) and resilience (González-Arratia, 2011b) validated for Mexican samples. Descriptive analysis, correlation, and a trajectory model through the structural equations with the method of the maximum likelihood for verification were conducted. The results show a moderate correlation between the variables. The proposed model suggests a significant direct effect of PA on resilience but not for NA. A significant indirect effect of self-esteem on resilience supports the main hypothesis. Further research is required to continue specifying

the model in a diversified sample, as well as to analyze the potential differences according to gender and age.

Publisher

Universidad de Guanajuato

Publish date

March 23, 2017

Publication type

Article

Publication version

Published Version

Format

application/pdf

application/pdf

Source

Acta Universitaria. Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal. Vol 27 No 1 (2017)

ISSN: 2007-9621

Language

Spanish

Relation

http://actauniversitaria.ugto.mx/index.php/acta/article/view/1140

Source repository

Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad de Guanajuato

Downloads

1

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