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The migration and development mantra in Mexico: Toward a new analytical approach

RAUL DELGADO WISE HUMBERTO MARQUEZ COVARRUBIAS (2007)

The relationship between migration and development is a topic of growing interest among international organizations. Although there are some variations, those

organizations see remittances as an essential resource for the development of the migrant-sending countries. We argue that this view, on which most related public policies are based, distorts the notion of development and obscures the root causes that drive the current dynamics of labor migration.

Using Mexico’s experiences as our reference point, we suggest that the phenomenon

must be analyzed from the viewpoint of the political economy of development, giving consideration to three interrelated key dimensions: regional economic integration, national development models, and social agents. We reach the conclusion that in the context of the regional integration molded by NAFTA, the dynamics of migration to the United States have mushroomed and socioeconomic dependence on remittances in Mexico has deepened. That situation demands a radical change in public policies on migration and development.

Producción Científica de la Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas UAZ

Conference object

CIENCIAS SOCIALES Migration and development Remittance-based development model Labor exports Mexico–United States Migratory System NAFTA Migración y desarrollo Tratado de Libre Comercio Sistema migratorio

The migration and development mantra in Mexico: Toward a new analytical approach

RAUL DELGADO WISE HUMBERTO MARQUEZ COVARRUBIAS (2007)

The relationship between migration and development is a topic of growing interest among international organizations. Although there are some variations, those

organizations see remittances as an essential resource for the development of the migrant-sending countries. We argue that this view, on which most related public policies are based, distorts the notion of development and obscures the root causes that drive the current dynamics of labor migration.

Using Mexico’s experiences as our reference point, we suggest that the phenomenon

must be analyzed from the viewpoint of the political economy of development, giving consideration to three interrelated key dimensions: regional economic integration, national development models, and social agents. We reach the conclusion that in the context of the regional integration molded by NAFTA, the dynamics of migration to the United States have mushroomed and socioeconomic dependence on remittances in Mexico has deepened. That situation demands a radical change in public policies on migration and development.

Producción Científica de la Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas UAZ

Conference object

CIENCIAS SOCIALES Migration and development Remittance-based development model Labor exports Mexico–United States Migratory System NAFTA Migración y desarrollo Tratado de Libre Comercio Sistema migratorio

Formal Definition of Collaborative Spaces

JOSEFINA GUERRERO GARCIA JUAN MANUEL GONZALEZ CALLEROS CLAUDIA ZEPEDA CORTES (2012)

Los espacios de colaboración son ampliamente usados por diversos organismos y propósitos. A pesar de que existen soluciones tecnológicas, hay una carencia de soporte metodológico para la elaboración de estos entornos. En este artículo se ilustra cómo la metodología FlowiXML puede ser usada para desarrollar espacios de colaboración con un caso de estudio real. Los beneficios del sistema resultante es evaluado y los resultados son discutidos.

Article

INGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA Componente Espacios colaborativos Interfaz de usuario Desarrollado basado en modelo Component Collaborative spaces User interface Model based development

Construcción automática de un modelo de predicción a partir del análisis de datos desbalanceados

GERMAN CUAYA SIMBRO (2013)

Esta investigación se orienta al procesamiento y análisis de datos con características

particulares como son, datos temporales, incertidumbre en los

datos, bases de datos con clases binarias, datos con clases desbalanceadas,

datos con un evento de interés en la clase minoritaria, datos no estacionarios.

Las propiedades anteriores son propias de colecciones de datos del dominio

biomédico, industrial, económico, por mencionar algunos ejemplos.

Así, la tesis contribuye en tres áreas principales. En primer lugar, en la construcción

de un método de selección de variables que favorece la identificación

de la clase minoritaria en bases de datos con clases desbalanceadas.

Segundo, la representación y construcción de un modelo dinámico

probabilista, en la forma de una Red Bayesiana Dinámica no estacionaria

que permite pronosticar la ocurrencia de un evento de la clase mayoritaria

y minoritaria, favoreciendo a la clase minoritaria, y tercero la aplicación del

método propuesto para la construcción de un modelo de la marcha para

pronóstico de caídas en adultos mayores.

Los resultados obtenidos muestran que el algoritmo de selección de variables

propuesto ayuda a seleccionar mejor las variables relevantes para identificar

un evento en la clase minoritaria en bases de datos con clases binarias, tanto

balanceadas como desbalanceadas, que algoritmos tradicionales de selección

de variables.

Por otro lado, el modelo propuesto basado en una red Bayesiana dinámica

no estacionaria obtiene un mejor desempeño para el pronóstico de la clase

minoritaria en datos estacionarios con clases balanceadas y desbalanceadas y

datos no estacionarios con clases balanceadas y desbalanceadas, que modelos

construidos con técnicas convencionales como las Redes Bayesianas Dinámicas.

Además, se tiene evidencia de que los modelos construidos utilizando

selección de variables tienen un mejor desempeño que los modelos construidos

usando todas las variables del conjunto de datos.

El interés en el análisis de este tipo de datos surgió del estudio de la degradación

de la marcha. Los modelos propuestos en esta tesis proporcionan

información adicional a los expertos en el análisis clínico de la marcha, con

quienes se interactuó directamente, dado que no conocen con precisión cuáles

son las variables más relevantes que reflejen la degradación patológica de la

marcha, ni la manera en que los cambios en las variables de la marcha son

desencadenados en personas con alto riesgo de sufrir caídas.

Doctoral thesis

Artificial intelligence Bayes methods Model-based reasoning Prediction theory CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA MATEMÁTICAS CIENCIA DE LOS ORDENADORES

TRUE GRASP: Actors visualize and explore hidden limitations of an apparent win-win land management strategy in a MAB reserve

Marco Braasch Luis Enrique García Barrios Sergio Cortina Villar Elisabeth Huber Sannwald NEPTALI RAMIREZ MARCIAL (2018)

"Win-win solutions might be short-lived. Government permission for smallholder farmers to extract and sell resin from a pine savanna biosphere-reserve in Mexico has settled a long dispute among different stakeholders in the short-term; however, forest production and conservation beyond 20 years are compromised due to low pine recruitment caused by competition with exotic grasses. Grass control practiced by farmers through grazing and fire has previously been discouraged by conservation authorities, which inadvertently limits long-term pine conservation and use. We describe the participatory design, rationale and simulation attributes of an educational, interactive, agent-based model that explores suites of management options and their economic and ecological outputs. We present and analyze the outcomes of four simulation workshops, where farmers and external-actors better grasped the complex ecological interactions involved in conserving and using pines in grazed pine savanna with exotic grasses, and discussed these findings with a long-term vision and tradeoff analysis approach."

Article

Agent-based model Cattle in forests Decision making Forest management tradeoffs Smallholder farmers Software availability INGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA INGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA

Herramienta para generar contratos de desarrollo de software en entornos de outsourcing basado en una ontología

Generating software development contracts in outsourcing environments based on an ontological tool

SERGIO DAVID IXMATLAHUA DIAZ (2013)

Actualmente el outsourcing es una de las actividades principales de trabajo para las organizaciones de desarrollo de software. Sin embargo, las relaciones que se dan entre un cliente y un proveedor de servicios no siempre son lo suficientemente fuertes para cumplir las expectativas de los acuerdos. El contrato de outsourcing para proyectos de software es una alternativa a este tipo de relaciones.

En este artículo se presenta la arquitectura de la herramienta Quetzalcóatl y se propone una ontología para representar el modelo de contrato, todo esto con el objetivo de generar y evaluar contratos para proyectos de desarrollo de software en entornos de tercerización.

Currently outsourcing is one of the main lines of work for software development organizations. However, the relationship that exists between a client and a service provider is not always strong enough to meet the expectations of the initial agreements. The outsourcing contract for software development projects is an alternative to such relationships. This paper presents the architecture of the tool Quetzalcoatl

and an ontology is proposed to represent the contract model, with the objective of generating and evaluating contracts for software development projects in outsourcing

environments.

Article

INGENIERÍA Y TECNOLOGÍA CIENCIAS TECNOLÓGICAS outsourcing, desarrollo de software, web, modelo de contrato, arquitectura, ontología outsourcing, software development, web, contract model, ontological model

Development of an analytical model for a charge-controlled memristor and its applications

Yojanes Andrés Rodríguez Velásquez (2017)

In this work, the development of an analytical model for a memristor is presented. The

model is based on the solution of the differential equation that governs the physical

behaviour of the device. The solution has been obtained by resorting to a homotopy

perturbation method.

The resulting memristance function is controlled by the electric charge, and full

symbolic expressions are obtained in function of the main parameters of the

memristor. The obtained model is characterised both for AC and DC sources. The main

fingerprints of the device in AC regime have been verified, as well as the main

parameters in DC (the switching voltages and saturation time).

In order to show the usefulness of the model, two applications that use memristive

grids as an analog processor, are studied. In a first application, the memristive grid is

used as a filter for image edge detection and smoothing, obtaining a good performance

in comparison with the edge recognition made by humans. In a second application,

the memristive grid is used in the maze solving problem, since the analog processor

implements the shortest path method.

En este trabajo se presenta el desarrollo de un modelo analítico para un memristor,

basado en la solución de la ecuación diferencial que rige el comportamiento físico del

dispositivo. La solución se obtiene utilizando el método de homotopía de perturbación.

La memristancia en este modelo es controlada por la carga eléctrica y se obtienen

expresiones puramente simbólicas en función de los principales parámetros del

memristor. El modelo obtenido es caracterizado tanto para fuentes de AC como DC. Se verifica

que el modelo cumple con las principales características en AC, y adicionalmente se

determinan los principales parámetros DC (los voltajes de conmutación y tiempo de

saturación). Con el fin de mostrar la utilidad del modelo, se estudian dos aplicaciones que utilizan

una red memristiva a modo de procesador analógico. En la primera, la red memristiva

se utiliza como filtro para suavizado y extracción de bordes en imágenes, mostrando un

buen desempeño al ser comparada con los bordes extraídos por seres humanos. En la

segunda aplicación, la red memristiva se utiliza en la solución de laberintos, ya que el

procesador analógico implementa el método de la trayectoria más corta.

Master thesis

Memristor Maze solving Model Image edge detection CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA ELECTRÓNICA DISEÑO DE CIRCUITOS

Computation of a model of laminates with interlaminar dramage

ALBERTO DIAZ DIAZ (2007)

In this paper, a model of laminated plates called M4-5N and validated in a previous paper is modified in order to take into account damage at the interfaces between layers. Displacement discontinuities at the interfaces are considered in the model. These discontinuities are calculated by means of a damage model. This damage model involves non linear equations. In order to compute the model, the LATIN method is employed. With this method, two sub-problems are considered: one is linear and the other is non linear. In the linear problem the non-linear equations of the model are linearized. By iterating the resolution of each sub-problem, one obtains the solution of the global problem. The method is then applied to the resolution of a free edge problem of a composite laminate. Calculations prove that the model can help predict delamination in these laminates.

Article

laminates model CIENCIAS FÍSICO MATEMÁTICAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA TIERRA FÍSICA OTRAS ESPECIALIDADES FÍSICAS OTRAS

Genealogy of human capital governance

FRANCISCO RUBEN SANDOVAL VAZQUEZ ELEAZAR VILLEGAS GONZALEZ Enrique Martínez Muñoz MARIA LUISA QUINTERO SOTO BEATRIZ LLAMAS ARECHIGA Cruz García Lirios TIRSO JAVIER HERNANDEZ GRACIA (2018)

The psychological studies of organizations, about human capital, have shown that this factor increases to the extent that the environmental demands are intensified, but it is the intellectual trait that acquires the greatest value when considered as the main intangible asset. of an organization. In this way, the objective of this paper was to expose the theoretical, conceptual and empirical frameworks related to human capital to establish discussion scenarios related to the value chain of an organization based on its intangible assets. A documentary study was carried out with a non-probabilistic selection of sources indexed to repositories such as Dialne , Latindex, Publindex, Redalyc and Scielo , considering the year of publication and relationship between the concepts of organization and human capital. There are lines of research around empathy, trust, commitment, satisfaction and happiness as inherent factors of human capital as an intellectual asset of an organization.

Article

Organization human capital intangible asset model specification CIENCIAS SOCIALES

Exploratory Category Structure of the Formation of Intellectual Capital

Eloisa Segura Ovalle MARIA LUISA QUINTERO SOTO HECTOR DANIEL MOLINA RUIZ FRANCISCO RUBEN SANDOVAL VAZQUEZ María Guadalupe Alvarado Ibarra Cruz García Lirios (2018)

The objective of the present work was to specify a model for the study of governance training. The theory intellectual capital essentially means that there is an indirect relationship between vocational training and job placement. Leadership styles are mediators in this process because they transfer values and norms that guide needs and expectations, as well as skills and knowledge to carry out the tasks and achieve the achievements. A non-experimental, documentary, cross-sectional and exploratory study was carried out with a selection of sources indexed to Latin American leading repositories, considering the publication period and ISSN and DOI registration; Dialnet, Latindex, Publindex, Redalyc and Scielo repositories. Since the specified model can be contrasted, the inclusion of factors such as empowerment and entrepreneurships are recommended to establish the scope and limits of the model.

Article

Human capital Vocational training Job placement Model Specification CIENCIAS SOCIALES